The Future Status of Egyptian Date Palm After The 2.5 Million Palm Trees-National Project.

Mahmoued A. Medany, 0000-0003-4850-1472 Assem A. A. Mohamed, Mohamed A. Attala, Mona H. G. Ali

Doi: 10.26480/sfna.01.2023.20.27

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Egypt stands at first place among the largest dates producing countries in the world with around 18 percent of global production in 2021. Despite its large production, Egypt accounts for less than 3 percent world exports of dates. In Egypt, dates are grown at 1.17 million acre, with 1.65 million tonnes of production. This paper examines the changing in the date sector in Egypt after the national project for the date palm cultivation; the project aims to increase 2.5 million palms from different export date palm cultivars. Several measures are used in assessing the country’s competitiveness. The competitiveness of Egypt’s date exports with 2.5 million palm national project and without 2.5 million palm national project in the four largest markets (Morocco, Indonesia, Malaysia and Bangladesh) were estimated during the period 2030- 2034. The results confirm that the expected market share of Egypt in the world’s total imports decreased from about 2.40 percent in 2022 to reach about 1.63 percent in 2034 in the business-as-usual scenario Moreover, the results show that calculated Egypt’s share of the global market during the period (2022-2034) will reach about 1.93 percent under business as usual scenario. On the other hand, it is anticipated that during the period (2030-2034) Egypt’s share of the global market will reach about 10.34 percent in case all total production of the 2.5 million date palm programme is going to be directed entirely to trading, compared to 6.02 percent in case only half of the 2.5 million date palm programme total production is going to be directed entirely to trading. In addition to the above, the results reveal that Egypt has a significant comparative advantage for export dates to the international markets.

Pages 20-27
Year 2023
Issue 1
Volume 4